Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive disorder, and is characterized by incidents of extreme fatigue and depression along with episodes of hyperactivity. People with bipolar disorder experience periods of despair and hopelessness when they are depressed, and will exhibit extreme warmth, friendliness and even feelings of euphoria during times of mania.
Psychotherapy for Bipolar Disorder
There are a few varieties of psychotherapy that tend to be effective for people suffering from bipolar disorder. Cognitive therapy is a common treatment, and is designed to produce symptom relief in a pre-determined period of time. Patients who are desperate to manage their symptoms tend to prefer this form of therapy as well. During cognitive or cognitive behavioral therapy, the therapist will help the patient to identify specific behaviors that the patient wants to eliminate or modify. The sessions also involve identifying the triggers that can lead to these behaviors.
Play therapy is also recommended for children who have bipolar disorder, since young patients tend to express their anxieties and fears through play. Observing children during play can help a therapist to realize what is causing the child trauma and resulting in bipolar behavior.
Bipolar Treatments and Medication
There are a number of medications that are used for the treatment of bipolar disorder. One type of medicine may not work for everyone, so some people who have the condition will have to find several medicines before finding one that works.
Lithium often works well to manage bipolar symptoms. It helps to balance the mood and decreases the tendency that the bipolar patient will exhibit extreme highs and lows in disposition and behavior. Antipsychotic medications are often suggested by health professionals for bipolar disorder as well. The medicine can help patients to behave in a more mentally balanced way, but may have side effects like weight gain and sleeping difficulties.
Bipolar Support Groups
It may be helpful for some people who have bipolar disorder to join a support group. This will give them a chance to talk about the challenges they face in daily life with others who can relate. The support group may also encourage those with bipolar disorder to foster healthy relationships, which can reduce symptoms, and to adopt a healthy lifestyle that eliminates the use of stimulants like alcohol in order to have a more balanced state of mind at all times.