What You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure

20 February 2013, Comments: 0

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High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, can be a very dangerous medical condition. You should educate yourself about high blood pressure if you or someone you know has it or if you get it in the future.

What Is Hypertension?

High blood pressure is when the actual blood in your body’s arteries produce too much force or pressure against the internal arterial walls. Hypertension makes your heart work much harder and beat faster than it should. This puts a strain on the heart muscle, but hypertension can also affect many other parts of the body, including the brain, kidneys, liver, lungs and eyes. A blood pressure monitor is used by a physician or trained nurse to check if a person has hypertension.

Causes for High Blood Pressure

The causes are many. For example, pulmonary arterial hypertension is caused by excessive lung expansion and pressure. Moreover, high blood pressure and cholesterol levels that are too high are quite a dangerous medical condition. So high cholesterol or high triglycerides (fats in the blood) can clog and narrow arteries going to and from the heart and throughout the body and this clogging and narrowing will raise the blood pressure excessively. Other causes include obesity, smoking, drinking alcohol beyond moderation, a genetic predisposition for hypertension, stress, anxiety, and even as a side effect from some medications.

What You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure

Treatment

Pulmonary hypertension treatment, like other forms of hypertension, are treated in a variety of ways. Treatment invariably begins with blood pressure lowering drugs prescribed by a physician. Other ways to treat it include stopping smoking, cutting down on alcohol intake, lowering salt intake, losing substantive amounts of weight, exercising daily for at least 30 minutes in duration, and changing over to a very low fat, low cholesterol diet. This last treatment modality is usually done by eating much less animal foods such as red and white meat like hamburgers, fried chicken, as well as eliminating eggs and high fat dairy products such as whole milk and cheese from your diet.

Preventing Hypertension

Unless you have a natural genetic predisposition for developing it without any other contributing factors, the best ways to prevent hypertension are to maintain an appropriate weight, eat a healthy diet filled with vegetables, fruits, whole grains and fat-free dairy, never start smoking in the first place, and doing regular aerobic exercise. These primary treatment methods all have to do with a major lifestyle change, but the difficulty of the change is definitely worth it for the sake of your overall health since hypertension can cause heart attacks and strokes.

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